Rajiv gandhi university of health sciences, bangalore, karnataka synopsis of dissertation “comparative study of manual liquid-based cytology with the conventional pap smear for cervical cancer screening. The pap smear screening is the test which can find cervical cancer it is a cancer to which age does not really matter most women are in the menopausal phase of life when this cancer occurs. Women are now invited once every five years between ages 30 and 6015 in 2003, 77% of women at risk (that is, those with a cervix) in this age group had had at least one smear in the preceding five years16 the most commonly used screening tool is a conventional pap smear, although the share of liquid based cytology smears is increasing. A study on development of automation diagnosis of liquid based cytology as a pap smear, liquid-based cytology, the hybrid capture test, the histopathological test and ultrasound, mri, nuclear cervical pap-smears was suggested in this thesis as shown on figure 3. Proceedings open access pap smear cell image classification using global mpeg-7 descriptors luz h camargo1†, gloria diaz2†, eduardo romero3 from 11th european congress on telepathology and 5th international congress on virtual microscopy.
Thesis directed by: associate professor linda al doory department of communication however, disparities exist in access to pap smears, and they exist in rates with which women have pap smears performed the american cancer society (2005) noted. The extraction of overlapping cell nuclei is a critical issue in automated diagnosis systems due to the similarities between overlapping and malignant nuclei, misclassification of the overlapped regions can affect the automated systems’ final decision in this paper, we present a method for detecting overlapping cell nuclei in pap smear samples. Of patients with abnormal pap smear cervical cytology attending kenyatta national hospital, 2008-2014 thesis presented in part fulfilment of master of medicine in obstetrics and gynaecology university of nairobi school of health sciences department of obstetrics and gynaecology by. : routine cervical smears screened by papanicolaou (pap) stained smears is the most cost effective and efficacious method of cancer screening thus decreasing the incidence and mortality from cervical cancer 1.
Hpv research papers are written by medical health professionals at paper masters the human papillomavirus can be explicated when you custom order research below is a sample of how our writers suggest you format your hpv research papers. A senior honors thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of appalachian women have had a pap smear in the past three years, the screening rate among appalachian women overall was 25% below the levels of other us women (hall, uhler. Objectives: the primary aim of this thesis is to conduct a literature review to identify barriers and facilitators to cervical cancer screening in developing countries secondly, the pap smear examination for women starting at age 21 every three years until the age of 29. The most widely cited evidence of the contribution of cytologic screening to the reduction in cervical cancer mortality is the long-term decline in deaths from cervical cancer in the united states coincident with the introduction of the pap smear and other factors.
A pap smear, also called a pap test, is a procedure to test for cervical cancer in women a pap smear involves collecting cells from your cervix — the lower, narrow end of your uterus that's at the top of your vagina. Cervical cancer detection and prevention in haiti: a comparison of pap smear and liquid-based cytology detection methods by genevieve wolpert larry park thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of science in the duke global health institute in the graduate school of duke university 2015. Overall, knowledge of cervical cancer, pap testing and the human papillomavirus was good but some misconceptions were present while knowledge of the human papillomavirus, cervical cancer and pap. This thesis examines issues related to cervical cancer epidemiology and prevention through screening, with the aim of informing policy regarding setting up an organised cervical screening programme in hong kong. A pap smear is really a test used to consider alterations in cells from the cervix which indicate cervical cancer or problems that may become cancer pap smears don’t identify cancer, however they identify 95% of cervical cancers in a stage once they can’t be seen using the human eye alone.
Pap smear screening in women under 30 in the norwegian coordinated cervical cancer screening program, with a comparison of immediate biopsy vs pap smear triage of moderate dysplasia acta cytol 200050:295–302. Barriers for immunization against hpv in developing countries (india) sandhya ghanta barriers for immunization against hpv in developing countries (india) iii abstract cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women cervical screening used to be the old pap smear test, which is still used in many parts of the world. Master thesis department of health management and health economics university of oslo may 2017 ii cervical cancer screening in low whereas pap smear was most acceptable strategy in terms of budget impact, hpv test and via was found to be most costly and least costly strategies respectively.
For triage of women with abnormal pap tests, sensitivity for detecting high-grade lesions is 85%, specificity is 60%, and negative predictive value is 97% conclusion: the yield of screening among older women who have been previously. The papanicolaou (pap) smear is one of modern medicine’s greatest success stories since its introduction in 1942, this cost-effective procedure has greatly reduced morbidity and mortality from cervical cancer. Pap smear cannot identify other kinds of cancer for example individuals from the ovary, vagina or uterus but cancer of individuals organs can be found during pelvic exam that is conducted simultaneously as pap smear.